ICSR – The International Centre For The Study Of Radicalisation And Political Violence

Sep 2011

As American As Apple Pie: How Anwar al-Awlaki Became the Face of Western Jihad

ICSR is pleased to announce the release of its newest report, As American As Apple Pie: How Anwar al-Awlaki Became the Face of Western Jihad, by Research Fellow Alexander Meleagrou-Hitchens.  This study provides the first forensic analysis of Anwar al-Awlaki’s work, which tracks his ideological path from a supposedly moderate preacher to an al-Qaeda recruiter.


Foreword 2

Letter of Support from START 3

Glossary of Terms 4

Executive Summary 6

Chapter 1

Introduction 9

Chapter 2

Methodology and Key Concepts 13Social Movement Theory 13Framing and Frame Analysis 14Frame Alignment 16Boundary Activation 17Al Wala’ Wal Bara’ 17 The Fluidity of Salafi and Islamist Thought 20

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Google-China cyber espionage saga


With more details emerging on the inner workings of the targeted malware attack that hit Google and over 30 other companies (ZDNet News Special Coverage – Special Report: Google, China showdown), it’s time to summarize all the events that took place during the past week, and answer some of the most frequently asked questions such as – How did the attack take place? Did Google strike back at the attackers? Was the Chinese government behind the attacks, and if not who orchestrated them and for what reason? Go through the FAQ and their answers.

Q: Which companies were affected in the targeted malware attacks?

According to the initial post confirming the targeted malware attacks, Google stated that “at least twenty other large companies from a wide range of businesses–including the Internet, finance, technology, media and chemical sectors–have been similarly targeted.” On the same day, actual details on who’s been targeted started to emerge, Continue reading