Authored by Dr. Ariel Cohen.
View the Executive Summary
The North Caucasus region has been a source of instability for the past several centuries. Most recently, Chechen aspirations to achieve full independence after the break-up of the Soviet Union led to two disastrous wars. While the active phase of the Chechen conflict ended in 2000 – more than a decade ago—the underlying social, economic, and political issues of the region remain. A low-level insurgency continues to persist in the North Caucasus region, with occasional terrorist attacks in the Russian heartland. There are few reasons to expect any substantial improvement in the situation for years to come. Chechnya functions as a de facto independent entity; Islamist influence in Dagestan is growing, terror attacks continue, and the rest of the North Caucasus requires massive presence of Russian security services to keep the situation under control. Continue reading
21 January 2014 – 11:05am
By Vestnik Kavkaza
The problem of the North Caucasus’s image in Russia and the world is one of main topics for discussions on inter-ethnic relations and other problems of Russia.
Alexei Pilko, Director General of the Eurasian Communicational Center, thinks that “the image of the North Caucasus, evaluation and interpretation of events which are happening in the North Caucasus play a huge role in Russia’s image in the world. The position of foreign, especially Western mass media, toward events in the North Caucasus is a targeted information campaign on the destruction of a positive image of the region. It is targeted media work against the efforts which Russia undertakes to develop the North Caucasus. Any events which happen there have a huge multiplicative effect. Continue reading
Posted in Caucasus, News, Politics, Russia, Security
- Tagged Caucasus, Dagestan, North Caucasian Federal District, North Caucasus, North Caucasus Federal District, Russia, Russian, Sochi
Viceroyalty of the Caucasus עברית: מלכות המשנה של הקווקז (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
April 26, 2013: The April 15th terrorist in the United States (Boston) has made the world more aware of Russia’s terrorism problem in the Caucasus. The two Boston terrorists (the Tsarnaev brothers) were Chechens from Dagestan. Russia had alerted the American FBI and CIA about the elder brother in 2011. Russia had no hard evidence but their intelligence had picked up some data on the elder Tsarnaev brother’s interest in Islamic radicalism. In the United States the FBI and CIA are being grilled over why this vague tip did not result in the April 15 attack being prevented. One defense that will probably be heard (more likely from the CIA, which has long monitored the Caucasus) is that there are a lot Islamic radical Chechens these days, but few of them proceed to become Islamic terrorists and fewer still attempt to make attacks outside Russia. That has given Russia a lot of problems in the last two decades.
Despite this formidable terrorist threat, the security forces (local and national police plus specialized counter-terror forces from the police and military) have managed to reduce the terrorism in the Caucasus but not eliminate it.
Posted in Caucasus, Counter-Terrorism, Russia, Terror Incidents, Terrorism, US
- Tagged Caucasus, Chechen, Chechnya, Dagestan, Ingushetia, Russia, United States, Vladimir Putin
March 9, 2012 05:25 PM Age: 10 min
By: The Jamestown Foundation
(Source: RIA Novosti)
Security forces in Dagestan launched a special operation in the village of Novosasitli in the republic’s Khasavyurt district on March 7. According to eyewitnesses, about ten military vehicles, including trucks and armored personnel carriers, entered the village and blocked all roads leading in and out of it. The security forces left the village late in the evening, but an eyewitness sent the Kavkazsky Uzel website a text message stating that while they were there, the security forces beat a driver of a car from another village along with his passenger, a young person suffering from Down’s syndrome, and stole money from them (www.kavkaz-uzel.ru, March 7-8).
On March 7, the Investigative Committee’s department in Dagestan reported that it had identified a suicide bomber whose attack on a police post in the village of Karabudakhkent in Dagestan’s Karabudakhkentsky district on March 6 killed five policemen and wounded two.
Posted in Caucasus, Military, Politics, Reports, Security
- Tagged Dagestan, Jamestown Foundation, Magomedsalam Magomedov, Moscow, North Caucasus, Police, RIA Novosti, Russia, Suicide attack, Terrorism
March 9, 2012: In Russia the Islamic terrorism problem in the North Caucasus (Dagestan. Chechnya, Ingushetia, Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachaevo-Cherkessia) continues to fester. Widespread government corruption and unemployment provides a growing supply of new recruits. It all began in Chechnya back in the 1990s, and has spread to neighboring areas as it became obvious that the corruption did not disappear when the old Soviet government did in 1991. The Soviets had allowed locals to run things, pretty much any way they wanted, as long as they kept thing quiet and did not do anything that embarrassed the central government. With Soviets gone, people, especially the young, expected change. It didn’t come.
The Chechens tried, throughout the 1990s, to maintain their self-declared independence from Russia. But the Chechens could not govern themselves, and the place became a hideout for numerous criminal gangs. These guys started a kidnapping, robbery and extortion crime wave all over southern Russia. In 1999, Russia invaded again, to reassert its authority and halt the crime wave. Several years of bloody fighting followed, until a majority of the population agreed to shut down the gangsters. Ever since, Chechnya has been at peace, at least by local standards. But many of the criminals and Islamic militants fled to neighboring “republics” (as the semi-autonomous ethnic enclaves in Russia are called), mainly Ingushetia to the west, and Dagestan to the east.
Posted in Balkans, Islam, Politics, Reports, Russia, Terrorism, War & Conflicts
- Tagged Caucasus, Chechen, Chechnya, Dagestan, Ingushetia, North Caucasus, Russia, Russians